There are different types of golf shots. Their name depends on where the shot has taken place. Each shot is played with a specific type of club.
- Tee Shot. Played from the tee box, it is the first golf shot of the game. The purpose of this type of shot is to move the ball the greatest distance possible towards the green. Tee shots on long holes are used with a driver to have a shallow flight and the ball will have a long roll while tee shots on short holes have higher flight and stops quickly with the use of an iron.
- Fairway shot. Quiet similar with the tee shot. It is played once the ball lands on the fairway or rough. It is more difficult to play depending on how the ball the lies. Clubs used for this type are wood and hybrids fir distance and irons for accuracy.
- Approach Shot. An approach shot is a golf shot that is executed to land the ball on the green as close to the hole as possible. There are several types of approach shots:
- Pitch shot is one from within 150 yard shot of the green, has a high trajectory, and is not meant to roll very far. The goal is to hit a high shot as close to the pin and have the ball stop on a dime near the hole. Common clubs used include wedges of all kind – pitching, sand and lob.
- Flop shot is performed very close to the green. The goal is to hit the ball high but not far and is usually used when a player has to hit the ball over the obstacle such as a bunker and onto the green. Common clubs include sand wedge and lob wedge.
- Chip shot is a low approach shot where the ball has a very short trajectory. The goal here is to lift the ball enough off the ground to reach the green, and then release, or roll, towards the hole. Common clubs include wedges and irons, depending on the trajectory in which you want to hit the ball.
- Bunker shot. A bunker shot sis played out of a sand trap. If you are executing a bunker shot from the fairway sand trap, you will often hit a normal iron, while focusing on making contact with the ball first. If you are shooting from the green side bunker you will want to perform a flop or chip shot and will have to focus on making contact with the sand first.
- Putt. A putt is a golf shot that is executed using the putter. The goal of a putt is to hit the ball and keep it on the ground, allowing it to roll on the smooth surface of the green and into the hole. Despite the concept of putting being simple, it is one of the most difficult aspects of the game of golf. Accurate putting can often make or break a round of golf.
- Golf shot flight paths / spins . There are technically 9 flight paths or a directions that a golf ball can take depending on how it is truck. The club head path, club face angle, loft at impact, and club head speed can determine the flight path of the golf ball. As a beginner, you need to learn how to hit the ball straight and avoid major misses and shape better your shots.
- Hook. The golf hook shot is a poorly hit ball that dramatically curves left. This occurs when a golfer hits the ball with a closed club face, rotates their upper body too quickly, or has a poor grip where the right hand dominates the golf swing. This golf shot is rarely executed on purpose and is extremely difficult to control.
- Draw. The draw golf shot is a solidly struck ball that starts out straight but slightly curves to the left from the target line. This occurs when a golfer hits the ball with a slightly closed club face or has a severe inside-out golf swing path. Amateurs and beginners do not hit this shot on purpose but professional players have mastered this technique to shape their shots in an attempts to have better putting angles and avoid hazards.
- Pure (Straight). A perfectly struck ball is known as a pure golf shot and it goes straight at the target line.
- Fade. The fade golf shot is a solidly struck ball that starts out straight but slightly curves right from the target line. This occurs when a golfer hits the ball with a slightly opened club face or has a slight outside-in golf swing. Similar to the hook shot, the fade can be strategically executed by professionals.
- Slice. The slice is a poorly hit ball that dramatically curves right. This is one of the biggest problems that amateur golfers face – learning how to fix the slice, especially on their driver tee shots. This flight path usually occurs when a golfer hits the ball with an open club face, does not rotate their upper body, or has a severe outside-in swing path.
One way or another every golfer will use these types of golf shot, some even more often than usual and strategize the balls’ spin or flight to hit the hole. So it’s better to be familiar with them all.